If you go through the entire process of Graduation and Post graduation in any University, you will find out that there are restrictions everywhere and on everything. Right from options for subjects to duration of the course we have restrictions and certain set of rules and regulations thus I call it a closed educational system. And I believe that such close system is harming the creativity and dynamic point of view of students.
Option of choosing Subjects
Why a student, who is an adult (usually 12th pass student is of 18 years of age) who has a right to decide prime minister of the country, can’t make a decision about the subjects he wants to study? What options he has right now are “set of subjects” under different titles. Example: - B.Com title has some syllabus of some subjects (say 18 subjects). And passing those prescribed subjects in minimum 3 years will give you B.Com degree. Now, why a student should not have an option to choose what he wants to learn. He should have the option of learning "minimum one and maximum all subjects". His mark sheet as well as degree certificate will have the details of subjects that he chose.
Option of doing more than one course at a time
Along with this, one more thing should be implemented in the education system, and i.e. option of learning more than one degree/post graduation courses at a time. If a student who is interested in doing BA and B.Com at a time, he must be allowed to do so. He will have to work hard, but if he is ready for that, university rules should not come in his way. Usually, this sort of system can be objected on the social grounds saying that all students won’t get chance if more seats are allotted to one student. But to avoid this matter, we can make a a rule stating that only one course shall be done through a college or university, rest of the courses i.e. extra degree/post graduation courses he chooses, he’ll have to do externally. The only extra work university will have to do is to hold the examination of such students along with regular students.
On paying certain extra fees to the university, students should get a combined degree certificate of his all degrees done at a time! Example: - If I chose x number of subjects from B.Com course and y number of subjects from BA course, I will be able to get a combined degree certificate stating my two degrees BA and B.Com with following subjects i.e. x+y.
Option of choosing duration of the Course
If a student is doing B.Com, in the current scenario he has to do it in 3 years. The university prescribes say 6 subjects per year. But what if a student has the capacity to learn 10 subjects in one year?? Thus, there must be an option for student to choose his subjects from the basic list of subjects. If a student wishes to complete his course earlier than the prescribed duration, he should get that opportunity. This will save his time, also will boost the students to learn more things. If I can complete B.Com in two years, I save one whole year! I can utilize this year in learning extra things. May be some other degree! Or post graduation!
To all these reforms some exceptions have to be made. In some fields like medical education a student may opt for only some subjects of the syllabus but then he shall not get the degree MBBS/BDS/BHMS/BAMS/MD or any equivalent. He shall get some other degree (e.g. Bachelors of Medicine etc.). And he shall not be allowed to have the title “doctor”. Also he won’t be eligible for license of a Doctor.
Similarly in legal field, to register with bar council a student must be a pass out LLB graduate with all the prescribed subjects from the university. Those students who shall skip any subjects during the course of LLB shall not be entitled to be” Advocate”, though they will get LLB degree.
By this time now most of the readers might have thought of argument that there will be huge problem while giving admissions for the different courses. Yes, after such reforms there will troubles for the admission procedure as evaluation of the students can’t be done through one filter (e.g. HSC, Graduation marks etc). To make the admission procedure simpler and uniform, an entrance test for each and every course should be introduced. Already we have medical, MBA, BBA, BFT and engineering entrance tests. Some universities across India has entrance test for law as well. This should be implemented in every field and for every course- BA, B.Com, LLB, BSL LLB, B.Sc., M.Sc., M.Com, LLM, BCA, MCA, MCM, etc.
In this kind of system there will be a big problem for colleges of charging fees. I think, there should not be any difference in the fees, despite of what and how many subjects a student chooses because the college is providing infrastructure to all the students. Its students' decision whether to use it or not. The examination fee (University charges it) shall vary as it is based on number of subjects.
Example: - student A is an LLB student. He chooses 4 subjects out of 6 for a semester.
On the other hand student B is also an LLB student who selects all the six subjects for the semester. There is fee prescribed by the college Rs. “X” and examination fee Rs. “Y” per subject. Now student A will have to pay X+ 4Y,
While student B will pay X+6Y
Extra Job for Universities
Of course after so many reforms there will be some extra duties for universities.
One is to design and hold entrance tests for every course. Secondly it will have to establish a separate machinery to give “combined” degree certificates as said earlier. Thirdly Universities will need to have separate offices in every department for external students.